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## % (modulo)

#### Description

Calculates the remainder when one integer is divided by another. It is useful for keeping a variable within a particular range (e.g. the size of an array).

#### Syntax

result = dividend % divisor

#### Parameters

dividend: the number to be divided

divisor: the number to divide by

#### Returns

the remainder

#### Examples

x = 7 % 5; // x now contains 2
x = 9 % 5; // x now contains 4
x = 5 % 5; // x now contains 0
x = 4 % 5; // x now contains 4

#### Example Code

/* update one value in an array each time through a loop */
int values[10];
int i = 0;
void setup() {}
void loop()
{
values[i] = analogRead(0);
i = (i + 1) % 10; // modulo operator rolls over variable
}

#### Tip

The modulo operator does not work on floats.

#### See also

Reference Home

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This reference is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License and is based on the Arduino reference. Code samples in the reference are released into the public domain.